Doberman Pinscher Breed: History, Temperament, Care, Training & more

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Doberman Pinscher Breed Information

Doberman Pinscher
Level of Energy      
Exercise Needs        
Level of Affection        
Climate Tolerance        
Good With Children            
Tolerance of Animals        
Suitable as Guard Dog    

Just The Facts

  • AKC Popularity:  12
  • AKC Breed Group: Working
  • Size of Male:  65-90 Lbs 26-28 in.
  • Size of Female:  65-90 Lbs 24-26 in.
  • Color:  Black, Red, Blue, Fawn
  • Average Lifespan:  8-12 years
  • Breed Origin:  Germany
  • Purpose:  Security, Military, Police

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General Description

The Doberman Pinscher is a highly intelligent dog. Loyal and muscular, these dogs are known for their elegant and proud demeanor and make great companions.

This large dog breed requires a great deal of attention and care, but they can be easily trained provided that they have a dominant owner. They tolerate climate well and can live outdoors, but the dogs make better companions and guardians when they live inside the home.

Origin and History

The Doberman Pinscher was created in the late 1800s as a cross between a German Shepherd and a German Pinscher. The dog was intended as a guard dog.

The first breed club was formed in 1899, and the dog arrived in America nine years later. In 1977, Dobermans became the second most popular breed in America, and they still remain a very popular breed today.

Doberman Pinscher Temperament

Capable and remarkably smart, Doberman’s are excellent guardians. These dogs are loyal and are very gifted learners. They are very sensitive and can respond to the wishes of their owners, though proper training is needed to keep the dogs from becoming domineering or from being aggressive with other dogs.

Care, Grooming, Diet & Exercise

Living Environment – The Doberman Pinscher can live in an indoor or outdoor environment, though living inside the home is preferred. They can live with other animals, but must be socialized at an early age. While large dogs can be problematic in households with small children, these dogs make excellent companions when raised with children.

Grooming – Dobermans require little grooming and are generally considered low maintenance. These dogs require only occasional brushing and a wash with a damp cloth. They are medium shedders with seasonally high shedding tendencies, which should be considered by potential owners who have allergies.

Diet & Exercise – A portioned and monitored diet is recommended. These dogs require daily physical and mental exercise to prevent them from becoming destructive. They enjoy a jog or a long walk, and do well with a heavy run in the yard or dog park.

Health – The Doberman breed has an average lifespan of between 8 and 12 years. There are a number of health concerns that should be considered with this breed, including bloat, cancer, von Willebrand Disease (vWD), liver problems, spinal problems, and thyroid problems. The parents of the dog should have OFA certificates.


Doberman Pinschers are easy to train but require a firm hand and a dominant owner. Obedience training is very important to prevent aggression or timidity.

This dog breed does not respond to harshness and requires early socialization. Positive dog training (praise and rewards) works best. The Doberman breed is known to excel at police work, tracking, competitive obedience and search and rescue. They are also known to serve was as therapy dogs.

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